Diagnose Asthma-Treat Asthma

asthma symptoms

Asthma can be diagnosed by using a breathing test such as spirometry or peak expiratory flow, as well as your medical history, a physical examination, and laboratory tests to make file diagnosis.
While taking your medical history, your health professional will ask about your symptoms and when they occur. A physical examination will not reveal signs of asthma unless you are having symptoms. Your health professional will listen to your chest for signs of reduced airflow in the bronchial tubes and will look for signs of sinus problems or allergies.
Spirometry measures how quickly you can move air in and out of your lungs and how much air is moved. The test should be used to help your health professional decide whether airflow is blocked because of inflamed bronchial tubes from asthma and to assess its severity. The test is also useful in determining your best level of lung function when asthma symptoms are not present.
A chest X-ray may be done to see whether another disease is causing your symptoms. Blood tests may reveal evidence of allergies that could cause asthma episodes.
You will need routine checkups with your health professional to monitor the condition and determine treatment.

How Is Asthma Treated?

Asthma can be effectively treated by using a management plan. This consists of a daily treatment plan to prevent and control airway inflammation and an action plan that describes what to do during an acute asthma episode. Medications play a main role in the treatment of asthma, especially Inhaled corticosteroids and beta-agonists. Lifestyle changes such as avoiding allergens that cause your asthma symptoms are also important.

What Are The Symptoms Of An Acute Asthma Episode?

Symptoms of an asthma episode can be mild to severe and may include:

o Wheezing
o Coughing
o Chest tightness
o Rapid, shallow breathing or difficulty breathing
o Sleep disturbance
o Shortness of breath
o Tiring quickly during exercise
Your experience of asthma may range from having no daily symptoms to having severe, daily symptoms. The frequency of symptoms also may change.

Factors that can develop or worsen the symptoms of on episode include:

o Having a cold or another type of respiratory illness, especially one caused by a virus.
o Exercising in cold weather.
o Cigarette smoke and air pollution.
o Exposure to allergens, such as dust mites and animal dander.
o Being around chemicals or other substances at work [occupational asthma).
o Expressions of strong emotion, such as laughing or crying hard.
o Hormones, such as those involved in pregnancy and menstrual periods.
o Aspirin can also cause asthma.
o Some peoples symptoms may become worse at night (nocturnal asthma).