Types Of Asthma-All You Need To Know

Types of asthma – overview

There are many different classifications for the disease that is by severity, underlying cause or the way it is controlled. Wheezing, coughing, shortness of breath, and chest tightness are some of symptoms of asthma. Understanding the type you have can help you find the most effective treatment.

Types of asthma:

  1. Allergic asthma (or bronchial asthma) is one of the most common types of asthma and it may be triggered by allergic rhinitis (or hay fever), different allergens (such as pollen, dust, mold), and also smoke or strong smells.
  2. Cough-Variant asthma is asthma in which dry cough is the main symptom, and other symptoms may be excluded. The cough exasperates with common triggers.
  3. Exercise-Induced asthma is triggered by vigorous exercise or strenuous physical activity. Symptoms may be obvious only during or a few minutes after exercising.
  4. Occupational asthma (or work-related asthma) is caused or triggered by, exposure to various substances in the workplace that may cause an allergic or irritant reaction or a reaction in the body. To name a few types of occupation that may induce asthma are health care workers, hairdressers, chemical industry workers, animal breeders, farmers, painters, and woodworkers.
  5. Nighttime asthma (or nocturnal asthma) patients experience more severe symptoms during night time and before bed which can result in inability to fall asleep and other sleep disturbances. This type may be very dangerous and needs to be treated properly.
  6. Seasonal asthma, in which symptoms appear seasonally, usually in the spring (because of the pollen allergies), summer (due to the heat and air pollution) and also winter (due to cold weather).7.Another most common type of asthma is Medication induced asthma. Certain medication such as anti-inflammatory (Motrin, Advil or Aleve), some heart disease medications, glaucoma drugs or ACE inhibitors, may cause attacks and worsen the asthma.

Types of asthma – less common types:

Other types of asthma exist as well, including silent asthma (in which the attacks are sudden and come without much warning) and infant asthma (wheezing in small babies).
There are many other conditions such as sinusitis, pulmonary embolism, angina, bronchitis, gastroesophageal reflux disease, congestive heart failure and others that are similar to asthma symptoms, but are not in fact asthma. This is why your doctor needs to do a thorough examination to make the right diagnosis.

Types of Asthma can also be classified based on the way it is controlled,

  1. It can be well controlled – mild symptoms that don’t impair quality of life;
  2. Not well controlled – frequent symptoms; and
  3. Very poorly controlled – symptoms occur daily