Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Editorial Board: Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Asthma Action Plan

This article is a continuation from the previous article on Action Plan For Asthma.

Generally,once asthma is under control, you or your child should be actually free of asthma symptoms, or only experience mild ones. An action plan for asthma can assists you to recognize early warning signs so you can act to prevent an asthma attack beforehand. But simply having a plan is not adequate but, you also need to know how to use this tool to stop asthma attacks, before they get out of control.

How To Use The Action Plan For Asthma:-

  1. Firstly,make sure you have an up to-date Action Plan For Asthma. An action plan helps you to record your asthma triggers and your prescribed treatment.
  2. Then, make sure you understand your action plan you put up.It helps you identify how severe the asthma symptoms you are noticing may be. It also helps you to know what action( if any) to take when you do start to have asthma symptoms.
  3. Keep your action plan for asthma with you at all times or, if your child has asthma, make sure your child’s caregivers have a copy of the same. Your plan can’t guide you alternatively if you don’t have it close by when your symptoms starts showing. If you have to go looking for it, you may not be able to act quickly enough to hold off an asthma attack.
  4. Prevention is actually half the battle won. Take proper steps to avoid being exposed to the things you know will set off your symptoms. Prevention is always the first step to taking control of asthma.
  5. Know your asthma zones. Action plans for asthma are divided into 3 zones: green, yellow and red. When you are in the green zone, you do not have symptoms and your asthma is under control. If you cross into the yellow zone, you are probably having a few mild symptoms, which means your asthma is getting worse and action may be needed to prevent an asthma attack. Red zone means emergency action is needed immediately.
  6. Look out for new or worsening symptoms. If your asthma medicines are working properly, you or your child should not be having symptoms very frequently. But it can be hard to avoid triggers every-time, so symptoms may crop up,but if we want to control and manage asthma symptoms we have to be extra cautious in avoiding asthma triggers.
  7. An assessment of the severity of your symptoms should be done. Compare how you are feeling with the levels on your action plan. For example, yellow zone usually means you are having a mild cough, wheezing, chest tightness or shortness of breath. Yellow also may mean that your symptoms are waking you up at night and making it hard for you to do some of your usual activities. Then compare how you feel to the zones on your plan.
  8. Check your peak flow readings, if you use a peak flow meter. Symptoms are a good measure of how you are feeling and your peak flow readings should confirm what is going on in your airways.
  9. Make sure of confirm that you have taken all of your asthma medicines.Sometimes, daily life gets tedious, so check to be sure you or your child have had all the asthma medicine scheduled for that day. If you have missed any doses, follow your doctor’s instructions on how to handle missed doses. It may not always be safe to just take medicine when you remember it due to asthma medications side effects.
  10. Follow the planned actions for the zone you are in after identifying it.For example, if you are in yellow zone, your plan may say to add a quick-relief medicine and then call your doctor if symptoms do not subside. Whatever your plan says, follow all of the steps effectively.
  11. Respond quickly to emergency warning signs. 
You need to get emergency assistance immediately,without following your action plan steps, if you have any of the following:- 
  1. lips or fingernails turning blue or purplish (cyanosis-a bluish discoloration of the skin resulting from poor circulation or inadequate oxygenation of the blood)
  2. difficulty walking or talking
  3. chest sucking in
  4. nostrils flaring open
Print out the Action Plan For Asthma form. Get your doctor or medical healthcare providers to help you fill it out. 

Keep your action plan in a sheet protector or folder, or laminate it, so that it doesn’t get torn, soiled, or lost. 

Make duplicate copies ,one for the house, one for your purse or wallet, one for work, one for the car, one for each of your child’s caregivers, etc. 


  1. Asthma Action Plan
  2. Peak Flow Meter
  3. Asthma Controller Medicines
  4. Asthma Quick-Relief Medicine
  5. Your Doctor or medical healthcare providers Phone Number

Note:-for future requirements and when further needs arise for the action plan for asthma form – we have placed it up on the primary home page menu for your convenience.