Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Editorial Board: Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Asthma Treatment Medication

If you have asthma, it’s very important you know about the most effective asthma treatment and medications for short-term relief and long-term control. Knowing asthma treatments will enable you to work with your regular doctor to confidently manage and control your asthma symptoms practically everyday. 

When you have an asthma attack or asthma symptoms, it’s essential to know when to call your doctor or asthma healthcare providers to prevent an emergency situation. Be sure to read all the relevant articles that link to topics within each of the following sections. By doing so, you will gain more knowledge into asthma and how it’s treated.

Medications For Asthma Treatment

Medications for asthma can save your life and let you live an active life in spite of your condition. 

There are two basic types of drugs used in asthma treatment mainly-

Anti-Inflammatory Drugs And Steroids

Anti-inflammatory drugs, generally inhaled steroids, are the most important treatment for most asthmatic patients. These lifesaving asthma medications prevent asthma attacks and work by reducing swelling and mucus (a slimy substance, secreted by mucous membranes) production in the airways. As a result, the airways are less sensitive and less likely to react to asthma triggers and cause asthma symptoms.

Asthma and Bronchodilators

Bronchodilators (a drug that causes widening of the bronchi, e.g., any of those taken by inhalation for the alleviation of asthma) relieve the symptoms of asthma by relaxing the muscles that can tighten around the airways and helps to open up the airways.

Short acting bronchodilator inhalers are often referred to as rescue inhalers and are used to quickly relieve the cough , wheeze, chest tightness, and shortness of breath caused by asthma. They may also be used before exercise for people with exercise induced asthma. These should not be used everyday in the routine treatment. 

If you need to use a short acting bronchodilator as a rescue inhaler more than a couple of times a week, then your asthma is not properly controlled. Consult your doctor or healthcare providers about improving your asthma controller medication.

Long acting bronchodilators are used together with inhaled steroids for control of asthma symptoms or when someone has ongoing symptoms in-spite of treatment with a daily inhaled steroid. Importantly,long acting bronchodilators are never used alone as long term treatment for asthma.

Asthma Inhalers

Asthma inhalers are the most common and effective way to deliver medications to the lungs . They are available in different types that require different techniques usage. Some inhalers deliver one medication and others contain two different medications.

Asthma Nebulizer

If an asthmatic patient having difficulty using small asthma inhalers, your doctor may prescribe an asthma nebulizer , also known as a breathing machine. The nebulizer uses a mouthpiece or mask and is mostly used for infants, small children, older adults, or anyone who has difficulty using inhalers with spacers. The nebulizer changes medications from a liquid to a mist (a cloud of tiny water droplets), so that they can be more easily inhaled into the lungs.Normally,this takes longer than using inhalers.

If you have been previously diagnosed but your treatment no longer seems to work, it is time to check in with your doctor or healthcare providers again. And at the same time, if you’ve been previously diagnosed and you have symptoms that require you to use your rescue inhaler too often, then you need to see your doctor or healthcare providers. You may need a change to your medication prescribed course for better control and determine the problem and solution so you feel better and breathe normally.

While generally,it’s a common disease, it is a serious illness that demands a proper medical diagnosis and right asthma treatment. Therefore,get assistance for and talk to your doctor or healthcare providers for asthma management control and find the asthma medications that work best for you.