Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Editorial Board: Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Asthma Treatment Medications

medicament and drugs

Generally medications are used to treat asthma, prevent asthma and control asthma symptoms, to reduce the number and severity of asthma episodes and to improve airflow. 

Mainly two types of asthma medications which are widely used:

Anti-inflammatory medicines

Anti-inflammatory medicines are the most essential medicines for most asthmatics(under Statistical). Anti-inflammatory medications reduce swelling and mucus production in the airways. As a solution, airways are less sensitive and less likely to react to asthma triggers. 

Anti-inflammatory medications need to be taken everyday and may need to be taken for several weeks before they will begin to control asthma and one can see results. Anti-inflammatories lead to fewer asthma symptoms, better airflow, less-sensitive airways, less airway damage and fewer asthma episodes. If taken daily, they control or prevent asthma symptoms.


Bronchodilators relax the muscle bands that tighten around the airways. This result vastly opens the airways, letting more air in and out of the lungs and improving breathing. It also aids in clearing mucus from the lungs. As the airways open, the mucus moves more freely and can be coughed out more easily. 

In short-acting forms, bronchodilators relieve or stop asthma symptoms and are very helpful during an asthma episode. In long-acting forms, bronchodilators provide control of asthma symptoms and prevent asthma episodes.

Every asthmatic patients will need both the above types of medication,unless it’s a mild case of asthma.

Theophylline is another type of bronchodilator medication used to treat asthma.

Controller Medications

  1. Inhaled corticosteroids (2)
  2. Beta2-agonists (1) (long acting)
  3. Mast cell stabilizers (2)
  4. Anticholinergics (1)
  5. Leukotriene modifiers (2)

Reliever Medications

  1. Beta2-agonists (1) (short acting)
  2. Oral corticosteroids (2) (for severe attacks)
  3. Anticholinergics (1) (short acting)

Legend: ( 1)Bronchodilators (2)Anti-inflammatory

Asthma Inhaler Usage

Anti-inflammatory medications

These medications are some of the most essential treatment options for people with asthma. It prevents asthma attacks and works by reducing swelling and mucus production in the airways. As a solution, airways are less sensitive and less likely to react to asthma triggers.Direct anti-inflammatory medications include inhaled and oral corticosteroids.

Inhaled corticosteroids

These are the most effective result medications to reduce airway inflammation and mucus production. The use of these medicines leads to better asthma control with fewer symptoms and flare-ups. Inhaled steroids prevent asthma symptoms, they do not relieve asthma symptoms.Inhaled steroids need to be taken daily for best results. Most results are seen in one to three weeks, with the best results seen after three months of everyday use.

Consult your medical professionals for BETTER explanation and understanding.