Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Editorial Board: Dr.Kamini Silvarajan MD/AAAM

Asthma Types

There are actually several different types of asthma. Knowing what type of asthma you have may help you prevent asthma symptoms and take more effective steps when you develop asthma symptoms.

Allergic Asthma

It is the most common type of asthma and accounts for nearly 60% of all asthma. Airway obstruction and typical asthma symptoms that are associated with allergies and triggered by allergens. It is very essential for every asthmatic to able to identify what triggers your asthma. Most common triggers include pollens, molds, dust mites and animal dander.

Non-Allergic Asthma

About 1/3 of all asthma sufferers have non-allergic asthma.Non-Allergic Asthma type is caused by viral infections and other irritants. Some of irritants/triggers that may lead to non-allergic asthma include:- 
  1. Tobacco Smoke
  2. Viral Infections
  3. Strong odors and sprays
  4. Other medical conditions 

EIA or Exercise Induced Asthma

Exercise induced asthma (EIA), or more commonly referred to by your asthma doctor as exercise induced bronchoconstriction, is when your airways narrow and you develop asthma symptoms as a result of your exercise.

EIA may worsen your asthma or you may only have asthma symptoms when you exercise. It is important to realize that exercise does not cause asthma, but is a trigger that may make you have asthma symptoms.

Occupational Asthma

Working environment may put you at risk for occupational asthma. Work related exposures to things like dusts and chemicals are the many causes of both new cases and worsening of asthma. Asthma may result from either direct irritation of your lungs or through sensitization[the state of being sensitive (as to an antigen)] to the offending substance.

Cough Variant Asthma

While cough may accompany the usual symptoms associated with asthma, cough alone may be a precursor (In biochemistry, the term “precursor” is used more specifically to refer to a chemical compound preceding another in a metabolic pathway.) to or the sole symptom in an asthmatic. When cough is the only asthma symptom, this is known as cough variant asthma or CVA.

Medication Induced Asthma

Mostly people don’t think about over the counter(OTC) products might be worsening their asthma, but this can be very important for a minor group of people. But for some asthma patients, over the counter pain medications can be very dangerous.

Aspirin and other non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs or NSAIDs can worsen asthma or even be fatal. With this type of sensitivity you,some people need to stay away from drugs like ibuprofen, naproxen and diclofenac as they may trigger an asthma attack if you have asthma.

Nocturnal(occurring, or active at night) Asthma

If you have wheezing, coughing, chest tightness, or shortness of breath at night, your symptoms may represent worsening of your regular asthma or represent nocturnal asthma as a separate diagnosis. Nearly 75% of asthmatics experience nighttime symptoms like cough at least once per week and as many as 40% experience nocturnal symptoms on a nightly basis.

Glucocorticoids Resistant Asthma

While the glucocorticoids are one of the most potent anti-inflammatory drugs available and are normally very effective in the treatment of asthma, a small group of patients do not respond to these medications and are often labeled as ‘steroid resistant.’

Conditions other then the above that Mimic Asthma

Everything that wheezes is not asthma. Other common and uncommon disease may also cause you to wheeze.